What is Infection Prevention?
Infection control is the discipline concerned with preventing healthcare-associated infection, a practical sub-discipline of epidemiology. It is an essential part of the infrastructure of health care. Infection control and hospital epidemiology are akin to public health practice, practiced within the confines of a particular health-care delivery system rather than directed at society as a whole.
Infection control addresses factors related to the spread of infections within the health-care setting (whether patient-to-patient, from patients to staff and from staff to patients, or among-staff), including prevention (via hand hygiene/hand washing, cleaning/disinfection/sterilization, vaccination, surveillance), monitoring/investigation of demonstrated or suspected spread of infection within a particular health-care setting (surveillance and outbreak investigation), and management (interruption of outbreaks). It is on this basis that the common title being adopted within health care is “Infection Prevention & Control.” To continue reading more about Infection control, please refer to the source of the above information here: Infection Prevention
What is Isolation Precaution?
According to the Mosby’s Medical Dictionary, 8th edition. © 2009, Elsevier, Isolation Precaution are special precautionary measures, practices, and procedures used in the care of patients with contagious or communicable diseases. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provides explicit and comprehensive guidelines for control of the spread of infectious disease in the care of hospitalized patients. The type of infectious disease a patient has dictates the kind of isolation precautions necessary to prevent spread of the disease to others.
Isolation practices have evolved over the years. Changes have been based on new epidemiological data, emergence of new or drug-resistant organisms, and the need to protect patients and hospital personnel. The Hospital Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC) advises the CDC on the need to update and revise guidelines and policies related to prevention of hospital acquired infections. Present guidelines distinguish two types of isolation precautions: (1) STANDARD PRECAUTIONS, which synthesize major features of earlier practices of UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS and isolation of moist body substances; and (2) TRANSMISSION-BASED PRECAUTIONS, based on routes of transmission, designed to be used together with the standard precautions, divided into the three subgroups of AIRBORNE, DROPLET, and CONTACT PRECAUTIONS. These are identified for disorders associated with a high index of suspicion for infection.
International Infection Prevention Week
International Prevention Week focuses on the education and promotional awareness for healthcare professionals, risk and isolation precaution specialists, infection preventionists, individuals, private and public organizations to focus on the importance of infection prevention. To learn more click here: International Infection Prevention Week
International Prevention Week, or IIPW, is promoted and primarily sponsored by APIC. APIC does an excellent job promoting and educating those in the field about infection prevention. At the site, you can find out all you need to become involved with the IIPW and learn more as well.
Isolation Precaution Terminology
Isolation Precaution, Infection Control and Risk Management Resources
IP Tools – Upload. Share. Prevent. This site is organized and dedicated for Infection Preventionists to pool resources and share their knowledge. Best of all, it’s free to use! The goal of the site is to enable Infection Control Managers, Risk Managers, and anyone involved in infection prevention and isolation precaution to post documents and files they feel would be useful to others as well as download documents and files that have been posted by others. http://www.infectionpreventiontools.com/home